Generalized anxiety disorder
People feel anxious from time to time. This anxiety arises due to many factors like starting a new job, attending a new school for the first time, moving to a new place, giving a vital presentation, speaking in public, etc.
Usually, a specific event is a reason behind the Generalized anxiety disorder, and it is entirely normal if that’s the case. However, if you feel anxious without any probable cause, and the feeling lingers for a prolonged time, you need to seek expert advice.
What Is The Generalized Anxiety Disorder In Psychology?
The GAD or generalized anxiety disorder in psychology is a neurological problem that can incite fear. People with GAD live in a constant state of severe worry and tension, often without a legitimate reason.
This condition makes them excessively about money, family, health, and mundane things that people don’t usually care about normally. For anyone with GAD, merely getting through the day can trigger anxiety.
Even though they understand that much of their anxiety is without reason, they can’t share their concerns. People with a generalized anxiety disorder are unable to relax and often experience difficulty sleeping.
Many individuals with GAD might also have difficulty concentrating, and most of them suffer from depression. When their anxiety is not acting up, they seem to do fine in a social environment. But once it kicks in, they can have difficulty carrying out the simplest of activities.
According to experts, GAD affects about 6.8 million adults in America alone.
People with GAD tend to show the following symptoms:
- Rapid heartbeat
- Sweaty palms
- Difficulty sleeping
- Trouble concentrating
- Fatigue and exhaustion
- Stomachaches or diarrhea
- Muscle tension
- Numbness different body parts
How Long Does Generalized Anxiety Disorder Last?
People with GAD show excessive anxiety or worry for the better part of the previous six months. A person often gets diagnosed with a generalized anxiety disorder when they exhibit symptoms for about six months.
There is no remedy to cure a generalized anxiety disorder, which means it can last indefinitely. While doctors can’t treat it, they can prescribe various treatment options, including medications and behavioral therapy, to manage the anxiety symptoms.
What Are The Risk Factors Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder?
Researchers found both environmental and genetic factors that can contribute to the development of a generalized anxiety disorder. Though the risk factor for different kinds of anxiety disorder can vary, some of the common anxiety disorder risk factors typically include:
- Childhood experience – Children exposed to stressful and traumatizing situations are more likely to develop an anxiety disorder.
- Health conditions – Various health conditions, such as heart disease, thyroid disorder, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and menopause, can help create an anxiety disorder.
- Genetics – People who have anyone in their family with an anxiety disorder are at a higher risk of developing a generalized anxiety disorder.
- Substance use – Excessive use of tobacco or caffeine can also lead to GAD development or worsen the existing problem.
- Gender – Women are at twice the risk of developing a generalized anxiety disorder than men.